85. szám // 2021. Globalizációtörténeti megközelítések


Megjelent: 2021.11.19

Bencsik Péter

Territorialization and Globalization: Historiographical Overview

DOI: 10.52656/KORALL.2021.03.001


In recent decades, social science research has been paying increasing attention to the study of spatiality. The basic concepts of this so-called spatial turn include territoriality and territorialization (and the opposite of the latter one, deterritorialization). However, this spatial turn has coincided with a new wave of globalization, during which many researchers have assumed that space is becoming less important. The present paper reviews the definitions of territoriality, whichthe author considers to be a static concept, while territorialization and deterritorialization involve change over time. Some periods of history are characterized by an increase of the rule and control over a given territory (territorialization), while other periods by a decrease of the importance of territoriality (deterritorialization). Territoriality is closely linked to the concept of sovereignty, since the internal and external recognition of control over a territory is essential for any state. The paper, therefore, examines the relationship between territoriality and sovereignty and the challenges that globalization poses to both. In particular, it seeks to answer the question whether globalization inevitably has a deterritorializing effect, whether it causes a clear decline in the role of territoriality, or whether the relationship between the two concepts is more complex.