85. szám // 2021. Globalizációtörténeti megközelítések


Megjelent: 2021.11.19

Bódy Zsombor

Technocratic Transnationality in the 1960s and the Eastern Bloc’s Independence from Globalization

DOI: 10.52656/KORALL.2021.03.006


Through the foundation and early history of the National Committee for Technical Development, the study examines the roles of technocratic experts embedded in global trends but operating in socialist Hungary in the 1960s and 1970s. The approach is based on the newest trends in the history of technocracy, which posits that the face of modern societies in the twentieth century was shaped more by technocratic expert knowledge than the various incumbent political systems. The technocratic thinking that largely defined mid-century and later modernity and identified itself as science-based rather then ideology-driven, was global and rested on the same baselines in the Eastern Bloc as in the rest of the world.
The Eastern Bloc, in this respect, did not subscribe to a model fundamentally different from global technocracy even during the era of military opposition in the Cold War. In fact, around 1960, the Hungarian party state, relinquishing the ideology of revolution, expected the broad establishment of technocracy to promote its further consolidation. For this reason, Hungarian technocrats were given more maneuverability and discretion through the National Committee for Technical Development, which undertook the remit of a ministry for research and development and technology import, while resolutely remaining outside the state administration and assuming the necessity of an autonomous and collaborative space for technocratic experts.